Anna-Lisa Cox, Independent Scholar

Center for American History and Culture Programs
Early American History and Culture Seminar
Thursday, November 15, 2012

5:30 pm to 7 pm

“Freedom Entrepreneurs and Family Groups: Settlement Patterns among free African-American Pioneers on the Antebellum Midwestern Frontier”
Anna-Lisa Cox, Independent Scholar

By 1860 over 63,600 African Americans were living in the Old Northwest Territory states. While the Underground Railroad played a role in this movement, a surprising number of those settlers arrived as free blacks in the first few decades of the nineteenth century.  Not all of these free African American pioneers were the same, however.  When and how they became free had a strong influence on how they moved and settled onto the frontier.  My paper will explore their different settlement patterns and the ways in which they were able to exploit the opportunities available to them on the frontier.

Cost and registration information: 

Scholl Center Seminar papers are pre-circulated electronically.  For a copy of the paper, e-mail the Scholl Center at  Please do not request a paper unless you plan to attend.