Civil War - Military Research

Ferdinand Kilbourne's 1864 diary, written in Pitman shorthand.  Vault Case MS 10032
Ferdinand Kilbourne's 1864 diary, written in Pitman shorthand. Vault Case MS 10032

This guide contains a sample of The Newberry’s resources on this topic. To locate additional resources, please check our catalog or consult a reference librarian.

This guide is also available as a PDF file.

Guides

Groene, Bertram Hawthorne. Tracing Your Civil War Ancestor. Winston Salem, N.C.: Blair, c1973. Call No. Local History Ref CD3047.G76 1973 (2nd floor open shelf).

Neagles, James C. Confederate Research Sources: A Guide to Archive Collections. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1986. Call No. Local History Ref CD3047.N42 (2nd floor open shelf)

U.S. Military Records: A Guide to Federal and State Sources, Colonial America to the Present. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1994. Call No. Local History Ref Z1249.M5N43 (2nd floor open shelf).

Schweitzer, George. Civil War Genealogy: A Basic Research Guide for Tracing Your Civil War Ancestors. Knoxville: Schweitzer, c1980. Call No. Local History Ref Z1242.S35 (2nd floor open shelf).

General Research Sources

Amann, William. Personnel of the Civil War. New York: Yoseloff, 1961. Call No. Local History Ref E494.A5 1961 (2nd floor open shelf) Matches official unit designations with local designations or “nicknames.”

Confederate Veteran. Call No. Local History Ref E482.C74 (2nd floor open shelf). Veterans’ magazine published 1893-1932, containing much memoir and biography. Very thorough three volume index shelved with this set.

Dornbusch, Charles E. Military Bibliography of the Civil War. New York: N.Y. Public Library, 1961-1972. Supplement (Volume IV) Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1987. Call No. Local History Ref Z1242.D6 (2nd floor open shelf).

Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. [Reprint] Des Moines, Iowa: Dyer, c1908. Call No. Local History Ref E491.D99 1978 (2nd floor open shelf). Among other functions, this work provides histories of all Federal units.

Hewett, Janet B. (editor). The Roster of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865. Wilmington, N.C.: Broadfoot Publishing Co., 1995-. Call No. Local History Ref E548.R67 (2nd floor open shelf). Ongoing series.

Mills, Gary B. Southern Loyalists in the Civil War: The Southern Claims Commission. A Composite Directory of Case Files Created by the U.S. Commissioner of Claims, 1871-1880 … . Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1994. Call No. Local History Ref E480.5.M55 (2nd floor open shelf).

Sifakis, Stewart. Compendium of the Confederate Armies. New York: Facts on File, 1992-. Call No. Local History Ref E546.S58 (2nd floor open shelf). Series nearing completion. Provides brief unit histories, hence a companion of sorts to Dyer (above).

United States. Adjutant General. Official Army Register of the Volunteer Force of the United States Army for the Years 1861,’62,’63,’64,’65. Washington: Adjutant General, 1861-1865. Call No. Govt. W3.12. Lists officers only. Indexing in each volume

United States. Quartermaster’s Department. Roll of Honor: Names of Soldiers Who Died in Defense of the American Union, Interred in the National Cemeteries. (Reprint) Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1994. Call No. Local History Ref E181.R65 (2nd floor open shelf). Originally published 1869-1871. 27 volumes in 10 plus index volume.

United States. War Dept. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies in the War of the Rebellion. Washington: G.P.O., 1880-1900. 128 volumes. Call No. Local History Ref E464.U6 1880 (2nd floor open shelf). Index volume. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. Washington: G.P.O., 1897-1927. Call No. Govt. N16.6. 31 volumes. Index volume.

State Sources

Alabama

Alabama 1907 Census of Confederate Soldiers. Cullman, Alabama: Gregath, 1982-1983. Call No. F325.C85. Consult computer catalog for county availability.

Brewer, Willis. Alabama, Her History, Resources, War Record, and Public Men from 1540 to 1872. Montgomery, Alabama: Barret & Brown [printer], 1872. Call No. F873.11. Histories of Alabama Civil War regiments and batteries with officer listings pp. 589-705.

Arkansas

Allen, Desmond Walls (compiler). Arkansas’ Damned Yankees: An Index to Union Soldiers in Arkansas Regiments. [Conway, Arkansas: D.W. Allen?], c1987. Call No. F410.A44.

Arkansas Union Soldiers Pension Application Index. Conway, Arkansas: Rapid Rabbit [printer], c1987. Call No. F410.A46.

Index to Arkansas Confederate Soldiers. Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1990. 3 volumes. Call No. Local History Ref E553.3 A44 1990.

Arkansas. Adjutant General. Report of the Adjutant General of Arkansas. Washington, D.C.: G.P.O., 1867. Call No. U1881.04. Also: Microfiche 3405. Federal regiment roster listings only. USCT regiments not included.

Ingmire. Frances T. Arkansas Confederate Veterans and Widows Pension Applications. St. Louis: Ingmire, 1985. Call No. Local History Ref F410.I53 1985 (2nd floor open shelf).

McLane, Bobbie J. and Glazner, Capitola. Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans. Call No. Local History Ref F410.M23 (2nd floor open shelf).

Wright, Marcus Joseph. Arkansas in the War 1861- 1865. Batesville, Arkansas: Independence County Historical Society, 1963. Call No. F861.04. Does not include rosters, although names of some casualties in Federal units included, together with names of officers. Listings for officers in Confederate infantry and navy.

California

California. Adjutant General. Records of California Men in the War of the Rebellion, 1861 to 1867, Revised and Compiled by Brig.-Gen. Richard H. Orton. Sacramento: State Office, 1890. Call No. F8349.02. Also: Microfiche 3399.

Parker, J. Carlyle. A Personal Name Index to Orton’s “Records of California Men in the War of the Rebellion, 1861 to 1867. Detroit: Gale, 1978. Call No. E497.3.C162 P37.

Colorado

Colorado Territory Civil War Volunteer Records. A Comprehensive Index to the Twelve Volumes of Military Clothing Books Found in the Colorado State Archives. Littleton, Colorado: Columbine Genealogical and Historical Society, 1994. Call No. folio E498.3 C65 1994.

Connecticut

Connecticut. Adjutant General. Catalog of Connecticut Volunteer Organizations. Hartford, Connecticut: Adjutant General, 1869. Call No. F8349.O46. Also: Microfiche 3403.

Florida

Hartman, David W. and David Coles. Biographical Rosters of Florida’s Confederate and Union Soldiers 1861-1865. Wilmington, N.C.: Broadfoot, 1995. Call No. Local History Ref E502.3.H3 (2nd floor open shelf).

Robertson, Frederick L. Soldiers of Florida in the Seminole Indian, Civil and Spanish American Wars. [Live Oak: Democrat Book and Job Print, 1909?] Call No. Ayer E558.3 F63 1983 (Special Collections).

White, Virgil. Register of Florida CSA Pension Applications. Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing Co., 1989. Call No. Local History Ref E548 W47 1989 (2nd floor open shelf).

Georgia

Georgia. State Division of Confederate Pensions and Records. Roster of the Confederate Soldiers of Georgia 1861-1865. Hapeville, Ga.: Longina & Porter, 1959-1964. Call No. Local History Ref E559.A5 1959 (2nd floor open shelf). Index by Juanita S. Brightwell, same call number.

Illinois

Cook County GAR Post Listings. Call No. Microfilm 429.

Illinois. Adjutant General. Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois. Springfield, Illinois: Rokker, 1886. Call No. Local History Ref E505.2.I129a (2nd floor open shelf). Also: Microfiche 3402.

Illinois Military Units in the Civil War. Springfield, Illinois: Civil War Centennial Commission of Illinois, 1962. Call No. Local History Ref folio UA173.A31962 (2nd floor open shelf).

Illinois. Veterans’ Commission. Honor Roll. 1956. Call No. E181.I34 1956. Multivolume set of Illinois veteran grave registrations organized by county (though some counties missing) and then alphabetically by cemetery. Veteran’s military unit provided if known.

Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Illinois. Call No. Microfilm 547. (Specify surname on call slip when requesting this item.)

Tubbs, William B. “A Bibliography of Illinois Civil War Regimental Sources in the Illinois State Historical Library. Part I, Published and Printed Sources.” Illinois Historical Journal 87:3 (Autumn 1994). Call No. F896.444.

“A Bibliography of Illinois Civil War Regimental Sources in the Illinois State Historical Library. Part II, Manuscripts.” Illinois Historical Journal 87:4 (Winter 1994). Call No. F896.444.

Indiana

Indiana. Adjutant General. Report. Indianapolis: Adjutant General, 1865-1869. Call No. Local History Ref E506.2.I393 1865 (2nd floor open shelf). Also: Microfiche 3409.

Trapp, Glenda K. Index to the Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana. Evansville, Indiana: Trapp, 1986-. Call No. Local History Ref E506.2.I393 1865 Index (2nd floor open shelf). Indexes to Volumes I and IV of the Report only at this writing.

Iowa

Alexander, William L. (Iowa Adjutant General). List of Ex-Soldiers, Sailors and Marines, Living in Iowa. Des Moines, Iowa: Geo. E. Roberts (state printer), 1886. Call No. Local History Ref E494.I64 1886 (2nd floor open shelf).

Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Iowa, Call No. Microfilm 1031. Indicate surname(s) on call slip.

Iowa. Adjutant General. Report of the Adjutant General and Acting Quartermaster General of the State of Iowa, January 11, 1864, to January 1, 1865. Des Moines: F.W. Palmer, state printer, 1865. Call No. Dawes U1912.44

Roster and Record of Iowa Soldiers in the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines: E.H. English state printer, 1908- 1911. Call No. Local History Ref E507.3.R67 1908 (2nd floor open shelf).

Records of Camp Dodge at Des Moines, Iowa. Call No. Microfilm 1140. A lengthy index of enlistments giving regiment and company, although not apparently to the Roster and Record (above). It can act as an index, though, based on unit designation.

Kansas

Kansas. Adjutant General. Report. [Reprint] Topeka, Kansas: Hudson, 1896. Call No. Local History Ref E508.2.Ki6 1896 (2nd floor open shelf).

Kentucky

Kentucky. Adjutant General. Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kentucky. Frankfort, Kentucky: Harney [printer], 1867. Call No. Local History Ref E509.2.K37 1866 (2nd floor open shelf). Also: Microfiche 3411. Federal regiment and battery rosters only.

Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kentucky. Confederate Kentucky Volunteers War 1861-65. [Reprint] Utica, Kentucky: Cook & McDowell, 1980. Added index. Call No. Local History Ref E564.3.K45 1980 (2nd floor open shelf).

Simpson, Alicia. Kentucky Confederate Veteran and Widows Pension Index. Hartford, Ky.: Cook & McDowell, 1979. Call No. folio UB374.K4S56.

Louisiana

Bergeron, Arthur W. (Jr.). Guide to Louisiana Confederate Military Units 1861-1865. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989. Call No. Local History Ref E565.4.B32 1989 (2nd floor open shelf).

Booth, Andrew B. Records of Louisiana Confederate Soldiers and Louisiana Confederate Commands. [Reprint] Spartanburg, S.C.: Reprint Co., 1984. Call No. Local History Ref E565.3.B66 1984 (2nd floor open shelf).

Dilts, Bryan Lee. 1890 Louisiana Census Index of Civil War Veterans or Their Widows. Salt Lake City, Utah: Index Publishing, 1984. Call No. Microfiche 551.

Maine

Maine. Adjutant General. Annual Report. Augusta, Maine: Stevens & Sayward [printers], 1862-67. Call No. U1841.54. Also: Microfiche 3413. Volume containing rosters supplemented by roster index volume.

Whitman, William Edward. Maine in the War for the Union. Lewiston: Nelson Dingley, Jr., 1865. Call No. F8349.34. Regimental histories.

Maryland

Hartzler, Daniel D. Marylanders in the Confederacy. Silver Spring, Maryland: Family Line, 1986. Call No. Local History Ref E566.3.H37 1986 (2nd floor open shelf). Alphabetical listing.

Wilmer, L. Allison. History and Roster of Maryland [Federal] Volunteers, War of 1861-5. [Reprint] Silver Spring, Maryland: Family Line, 1987. Call No. Local History Ref E 512.3.W55 1987 (2nd floor open shelf). Indexed.

Massachusetts

Massachusetts. Adjutant General. Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors and Marines in the Civil War. Brookline, Mass.: Adjutant General, 1931-1935. Call No. Local History Ref E513.M37 1931 (2nd floor open shelf). Also: Microfiche 3412. Index volume included.

Michigan

Alphabetical General Index to Public Library Sets of 85,271 Names of Michigan Soldiers and Sailors Individual Records. [Reprint] Lansing, Michigan: Michigan Secretary of State, 1915. Call No. Local History Ref E514.3.A46 (2nd floor open shelf).

Michigan. Adjutant General. Record of Service of Michigan Volunteers in the Civil War. Call No. Local History Ref E514.3.M62 1900 (2nd floor open shelf). Also: Microfiche 3414. 46 volumes, generally one volume of rosters per regiment. Indexed by title immediately above.

United States Civil War Soldiers Living in Michigan in 1894. St. Johns, Michigan: Genealogists of Clinton County Historical Society, 1988. Call No. Local History Ref E494.U6 1988 (2nd floor open shelf).

Minnesota

Minnesota. Adjutant General. Annual Report of the Adjutant General, of the State of Minnesota, for the Year Ending December 1, 1866, and of the Military Forces of the State from 1861 to 1865. Saint Paul: Pioneer Printing, 1866. Call No. F8349.4928.

Minnesota. Civil and Indian Wars Commissioners. Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, 1861-1865. St. Paul: Pioneer Press [printer], 1890-93. Call No. F911.578.

Minnesota Historical Society. Minnesotans in the Civil and Indian Wars: An Index to the Rosters in “Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, 1861- 1865” Compiled as a W.P.A. Project for the Minnesota Historical Society. Call No. Microfilm 477.

Mississippi

Official and Statistical Register of the State of Mississippi, Pt. 5 (Military History of Mississippi 1803- 1898). [Reprint] Spartanburg, S.C.: Reprint Co., 1978. Call No. F341.M58 1978. Unit histories and officer listings.

Rietti, John C. Military Annals of Mississippi. [Reprint] Spartanburg, S.C.: Reprint Co., 1976. Call No. E568.R53 1976. Added index. Incomplete listings of officers and enlisted men.

Wiltshire, Betty Crouch. Mississippi Confederate Grave Registrations. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1991. 2 volumes. Call No. E516.3 W56 1991.

Mississippi Confederate Pension Applications. Carrollton, Miss.: Pioneer Publishing Co., 1994. 3 volumes. Call No. F340.W5417 1994.

Missouri

Missouri. Adjutant General. Report (1863, 1864, 1865 in three volumes). Jefferson City: 1864-1866. Call No. Dawes U1884.58.

Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Missouri. Call No. Microfilm 1032. Indicate surname(s) on call slip.

Nebraska

Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the Territory of Nebraska. Call No. Microfilm 1182.

Nebraska. Adjutant General. Roster of Nebraska Volunteers 1861 to 1869. Hastings, Neb.: Wigton & Evans (printer), 1888. Call No. F8349.49595. Also: Microfiche 3418.

Nevada

Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of Nevada for 1865. Carson City, Nevada: Adjutant General’s Office, 1866. Call No. Microfiche 3420.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire. Adjutant General. Revised register of New Hampshire Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Rebellion. Concord, N.H.: Adjutant General, 1895. Call No. Local History Ref E520.3.N55 1895 (2nd floor open shelf). Also: Microfiche 3419.

New Jersey

New Jersey. Adjutant General. Records of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Civil War, 1861-1865. Trenton, N.J.: John L. Murphy [printer]. 1876-1878. Call No. F8349.4979.

New York

New York. Adjutant General. A Record of the Commissioned Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates of the Regiments Which Were Organized in the State of New York…. Albany: 1864-1868. Call No. folio F8349.5

Registers of the [New York Regiments] in the War of the Rebellion. Albany, N.Y.: J.B. Lyon, 1894-1906. 40 volumes. Call No. Microfiche 2247. Annotated rosters for New York regiments and batteries. Consult computer catalog for volume contents.

Phisterer, Frederick. New York in the War of the Rebellion, 1861 to 1865. 3rd edition. Albany: J.B. Lyon [printer], 1912. Call No. F851.691. Includes index volume.

North Carolina

Clark, Walter (editor). Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-‘65. [Reprint] Wendell, N.C.: Broadfoot, 1982. Call No. E573.4.C59 1982. Regimental histories and officer listings only.

Manarin, Louis H. and Jordan, Weymouth T. (Jr.). North Carolina Troops 1861-1865: A Roster. Raleigh: State Dept. of Archives and History, 1966-. Call No. Local History Ref E573.3.M3 (2nd floor open shelf). Series still in progress. Indexing in each volume.

Moore, John W. Roster of North Carolina Troops in the War Between the States. Raleigh: John W. Moore, state printer, 1882. Call No. F8619.6.

Ohio

Ohio Roster Commission. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion. Call No. Local History Ref E525.3.O38 188 (2nd floor open shelf). Newberry set lacking two final volumes (11 & 12). Complete set available on microform (Call No. Microfiche 3415). Microfilm index produced by Ohio Historical Society is also available (Call No. Microfilm 1167).

Petty, Gerald M. Index of the Ohio Squirrel Hunters Roster. Columbus, Ohio: Petty, 1984. Call No. Local History Ref E525.3 (2nd floor open shelf). The “squirrel hunters” were an emergency militia levy in September 1862.

Pennsylvania

Bates, Samuel P. History of Pennsylvania Volunteers. [Reprint] Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilm International, 1982. Call No. Local History Ref E527.B32 (2nd floor open shelf). Primarily rosters. Accompanied by 4 volume index (Wilmington, N.C.: Broadfoot, 1994).

Rhode Island

Rhode Island. Adjutant General. Report. Providence: Adjutant General, 1866. Call No. Local History Ref E528.2.R47 1865 (2nd floor open shelf).

South Carolina

Military Records. Spartanburg, S.C.: Reprint Co., 1981? Call No. Microfiche 567. Microfiche of an assortment of Confederate records (mainly manuscript), including some rosters and other name lists. A difficult source to utilize.

Salley, A.S. (Jr.) South Carolina Troops in Confederate Service. Columbia, S.C.: R.L. Bryan, 1913. Call No. F 8619.66. Only 1st through 4th S.C. Infantry regiments. Newberry copy (two volumes in four) is apparently incomplete, as a third volume was apparently published as well.

Tennessee

Dyer, Gustavus W. and Moore, John Trotwood. The Tennessee Civil War Veterans Questionnaires. Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1985. Call No. Local History Ref E579.T46 1985 (2nd floor open shelf).

Sistler, Samuel. Index to Tennessee Confederate Pension Applications. Nashville, Tennessee: Byron SIstler & Associates, c1995. Call No. Local History Ref F435.S62 (2nd floor open shelf).

Tennessee. Adjutant General. Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Tennessee, of the Military Forces of the State, from 1861 to 1866. Nashville: S.C. Mercer [printer], 1866. Call No. U1882.86. Also Microfiche 3433. Only Federal troops covered. Roster listings carry more detail than Tennesseans in the Civil War (below).

Tennesseans in the Civil War. Nashville: Civil War Commission, 1965. Call No. Local History Ref E579.4.T45 1964 (2nd floor open shelf). Covers both Confederate and Federal regiments and troops. Alphabetical listings.

Wiefering, Edna. Tennessee Confederate Widows and their Families: Abstracts of 11,190 Confederate Widows’ Applications. Cleveland, Tennessee: Cleveland Public Library, 1992. Call No. Local History Ref F435W35 1992 (2nd floor open shelf).

Texas

Texas. Comptroller’s Office. Confederate Pension Applications, Approved. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975. Call No. Microfilm 758.

White, Virgil D. Index to Texas CSA Pension Files. Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing Co., 1989. Call No. Local History Ref E548.W48 1989 (2nd floor open shelf).

Vermont

Vermont. Adjutant General. Revised Roster of Vermont Volunteer and Lists of Vermonters Who Served in the Army and Navy of the United States During the War of the Rebellion 1861-66. Montpelier, Vt.: Press of the Watchman Publishing Co., 1892. Call No.F843.936. Index.

Virginia

Virginia Regimental History Series. Ongoing series with one volume per regiment or battery. Each volume has its own call number; however, all located on 2nd floor open shelf following Wallace (below). Annotated rosters in every volume.

Wallace, Lee A. A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations 1861-1865. Revised 2nd edition. Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard [printer], 1986. Call No. Local History Ref E581.W35 (2nd floor open shelf).

West Virginia

Lang, Theodore F. Loyal West Virginia from 1861 to 1865. Baltimore: Deutsch, 1895. Call No. F864.48. Also: Microfiche 3435. Regimental histories and officer listings only.

West Virginia. Adjutant General. Annual Reports for 1864 and 1865. Call No. U1864.96. The researcher should consult both volumes.

Wisconsin

Wisconsin. Adjutant General. Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers, War of the Rebellion 1861-1865. Madison: Democrat Print Co., 1886. Call No. Local History Ref E537.3.W57 1986 (2nd floor open shelf). Newberry’s set was previously in private hands and has extensive annotations, some referring to compiled genealogies for families of individual soldiers. Short newspaper clippings also attached.

Miscellaneous

Busey, John W. These Honored Dead: The Union Casualties at Gettysburg. Highstown, N.J.: 1988. Call No. E475.53.B98 1988.

Confederate P.O.W.’s: Soldiers & Sailors Who Died in Federal Prisons & Military Hospitals in the North. Call No. Local History Ref E548.I55 1984 (2nd floor open shelf).

Index to Compiled Service Records for United States Colored Troops. Call No. Microfilm 713. (Specify soldier’s surname on call slip.)

Krick, Robert K. The Gettysburg Death Roster: The Confederate Dead at Gettysburg. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1981. Call No. foE494.K74.

Nine, William G. and Wilson, Roger G. The Appomattox Paroles April 9-15, 1865. Call No. Local History Ref E548.N56 1989 (2nd floor open shelf).

A Supplemental Note

There are at several subject heading patterns to check in the catalog.

  • United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Regimental Histories [or Personal Narratives]
  • United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Regimental Histories - [unit name]
    Example: “United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Alabama Infantry - 21st”)
  • [Name of state] - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Regimental Histories
  • United States. Army - [unit designation]
    (e.g., Example: “United States. Army - Connecticut Infantry Regiment, 10th (1861-1865)”)