In the winter of 1904-1905, Daniel Burnham, the Chicago architect and future co-author of the Plan of Chicago, traveled to the Philippines. He had won a commission from the United States government to develop a new city plan for Manila, the capital of the Philippines, and to design a completely new “summer capital,” Baguio City, 155 miles to the north of Manila and 5,000 feet above sea level in the mountains of Luzon. The United States had gained possession of the Philippines in 1898 as part of its treaty with Spain at the end of the Spanish American War. Determined to impose its authority on its new colony, the U.S. government hoped that Burnham’s plans would establish an American presence in the Philippines that was both imperial and progressive.
Featuring maps, manuscripts, and ephemera, this online exhibition documents Burnham’s successful trip to reshape the Philippines.