The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey is a collection of translated newspaper articles originally published in Chicago’s ethnic press between the 1860s and the 1930s. The Chicago Public Library administered the project that created this collection in the 1930s with funding from the U.S. Federal Works Progress Administration. Translators and editors organized nearly 50,000 articles from 22 ethnic groups according to a hierarchical subject scheme created for the project. In total, the Survey produced approximately 120,000 sheets of typescript. The bulk of the work focused on ten ethnic groups: Czech, which 1930s editors called “Bohemian” for the purposes of categorization, Danish, German, Greek, Jewish, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, and Swedish. Some groups include a relatively small number of articles, particularly Albanian, Serbian, Slovene, Chinese, and Filipino. This project was made possible by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.