From 1971 until 2017, the Dr. William M. Scholl Center for American History and Culture at the Newberry Library promoted innovative research, teaching, and public programming in the humanities.
The Scholl Center began in 1971 as the Family and Community History Center, launched with a $35,000 grant from the Spencer Foundation. In its early years, the center was a leader in developing methods for community history and quantitative history. In 1991, following a series of gifts from the Dr. Scholl Foundation, the center was rededicated as the Dr. William M. Scholl Center for Family and Community History. The center engaged in major research projects, teacher professional development, exhibit production, and scholarly community building. In 2008, the center was renamed the Dr. William M. Scholl Center for American History and Culture and continued its work through digital projects, exhibits, and scholarly activity. In 2017, the work of the center was reorganized, and the Chicago Studies Program launched in its place.