The seminar studies the rise, development and decline of the first ‘civilization’ in South Asia. Based on the floodplains of the river Indus, it was unknown to modern humans until a chance discovery in 1922. The excavations at Harappa and Mohenjodaro unearthed great cities, and radically altered the history and historical chronology of the subcontinent. Contemporaneous with the other great ‘ancient’ civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China, the IVC highlights the shared history of human society. The seminar will consider economic, social, cultural, political, technical, and scientific aspects of the Indus people, some of whose imprints are visible in South Asia even today.